PHP-FPM 8 container based on the SLE Base Container Image.

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The PHP FPM 8 Container Image

Redistributable SLSA Provenance: Available

PHP is a general-purpose scripting language used primarily for server-side web development. It can be used directly, embedded in HTML files, or executed via a server-side Apache2 module or CGI scripts.

How to use the image

The image contains PHP-FPM, a FastCGI implementation for PHP that serves content via the FastCGI protocol and not via HTTP(S). This requires a reverse proxy that can handle FastCGI and can serve content via HTTP(s).

Caution: FastCGI does not offer any protection or access control, so the open socket must be protected via network separation. This means that the PHP-FPM container must run in a separate private network or a pod, and its socket must be exposed to the reverse proxy only.

To deploy an application in the PHP-FPM container, copy the application into /srv/www/htdocs (this directory is the WORKDIR of the container image):


RUN set -eux; \
    zypper -n in $my_dependencies; \
    # additional setup steps

# Copy the app into the PHP-FPM document root
COPY app/ .

To configure NGINX as a reverse proxy, add the following to the server section in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:

        location ~ \.php$ {
           include                   fastcgi_params;
           fastcgi_index             index.php;
           root           /srv/www/htdocs/;
           fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

Additionally, create /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params with the following contents:

fastcgi_param  QUERY_STRING       $query_string;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_METHOD     $request_method;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_TYPE       $content_type;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_LENGTH     $content_length;

fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_NAME        $fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_URI        $request_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_URI       $document_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_ROOT      $document_root;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PROTOCOL    $server_protocol;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_SCHEME     $scheme;
fastcgi_param  HTTPS              $https if_not_empty;

fastcgi_param  GATEWAY_INTERFACE  CGI/1.1;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_SOFTWARE    nginx/$nginx_version;

fastcgi_param  REMOTE_ADDR        $remote_addr;
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_PORT        $remote_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_ADDR        $server_addr;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PORT        $server_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_NAME        $server_name;

# PHP only, required if PHP was built with --enable-force-cgi-redirect
fastcgi_param  REDIRECT_STATUS    200;

If you are using a NGINX container with the above changes, you can use a Podman pod to deploy the application:

$ podman pod create --name fpm -p 80:8080
$ podman run -d --pod fpm name-of-my-fpm-container
$ podman run -d --pod fpm name-of-my-nginx-container

The website is served on port 8080, and the FastCGI application is not accessible from outside of the fpm pod.

How to install PHP extensions

PHP extensions must be installed using the zypper package manager. PHP extensions are named using the php8-$extension_name scheme, and they can be installed as follows:


RUN zypper -n in php8-gd php8-intl

Alternatively, you can use the docker-php-ext-install script. It is provided for compatibility with the PHP DockerHub Image but it uses zypper to install the extensions from RPMs. It is provided for compatibility reasons and can be used similar to the script from PHP DockerHub image:


RUN docker-php-ext-install gd intl

How to install PECL extensions

PECL is a package repository hosting PHP extensions. It can be used as an alternative source to obtain PHP extensions, but without any guarantee of interoperability with this image and without any official support.

PECL extensions can be installed as follows:


RUN set -euo pipefail; \
    zypper -n in $PHPIZE_DEPS php8-pecl; \
    pecl install APCu-5.1.21;

Note: Building an extension may require installing additional dependencies.

Compatibility with the DockerHub Image

The following scripts ship with the image to keep it compatible with the DockerHub image: docker-php-source, docker-php-ext-configure, docker-php-ext-enable, and docker-php-ext-install. Note that only docker-php-ext-install performs an actual job. None of the other scripts require to be executed in the image.


SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT

This documentation and the build recipe are licensed as MIT. The container itself contains various software components under various open source licenses listed in the associated Software Bill of Materials (SBOM).

This image is based on SLE BCI, a stable and redistributable foundation for software innovation. SLE BCI is enterprise-ready, and it comes with an option for support.

See the SLE BCI EULA for further information.

  • Image Data

    Last Built: 13 Jun 15:50 UTC

    Size: 57.3 MB

    Support Level: L3

  • Health Index

    No vulnerabilities found

    Last Scan:

    about 6 hours ago